The MOH is bestowed on members of the United States armed forces who distinguish themselves "conspicuously by gallantry and intrepidity at the risk of his or her life above and beyond the call of duty while engaged in an action against an enemy of the United States." Because of these conditions, it is often awarded posthumously.
Members of all branches of the U.S. Military are eligible to receive the medal, and each service has a unique design with the exception of the Marine Corps and Coast Guard, which both use the Navy's medal. The Medal of Honor is often presented personally to the recipient or, in the case of posthumous awards, to next of kin, by the PRESIDENT OF THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA.
The Medal of Honor is one of two military neck Order awards issued by the United States as the award citation includes the phrase "in the name of Congress", it is sometimes erroneously called the Congressional Medal of Honor; however, the official title is the Medal of Honor.