This prestigious Officers gallantry award was created in 1914 for commissioned officers of the substantive rank of Captains or below and for Warrant Officers. In 1931, the award was extended to Majors and also to members of the Royal Air Force for gallantry actions on the ground.
Since the 1993 review of the honours system, as part of the drive to remove distinctions of rank in awards for bravery, the Military Medal formerly the third-level decoration for other ranks was discontinued. The MC now serves as the third-level award for gallantry on land for all ranks of the British Armed Forces.
Bars are awarded to the MC in recognition of the performance of further acts of gallantry meriting the award. Recipients are entitled to the post nominal letters MC.